четверг, 7 июля 2011 г.

Office Interop Excel


using Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel;
I've created a console application and just kept all the code within the main method. I've done this to make it a bit easier to follow. Next, we need to setup the objects that we'll be working with.
ApplicationClass app = new ApplicationClass(); // the Excel application.

    // the reference to the workbook,

    // which is the xls document to read from.

    Workbook book = null;
    // the reference to the worksheet,

    // we'll assume the first sheet in the book.

    Worksheet sheet = null;
    Range range = null;
    // the range object is used to hold the data

    // we'll be reading from and to find the range of data.
The following options will help speed up the Excel application. They can also be set to true which will help us see what's going on with the document while debugging.
app.Visible = false;
    app.ScreenUpdating = false;
    app.DisplayAlerts = false;
Now that the application setup is out of the way, we can open an XLS document and get the first worksheet in the workbook. Excel seems to prefer a full path to the document. As such, I get the current executing directory and move up two directories to the XLS document.
string execPath = 
         Path.GetDirectoryName(Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().CodeBase);

    book = app.Workbooks.Open(execPath + @"\..\..\Book1.xls", 
           Missing.Value, Missing.Value, Missing.Value, 
           Missing.Value, Missing.Value, Missing.Value, Missing.Value, 
           Missing.Value, Missing.Value, Missing.Value, Missing.Value, 
           Missing.Value, Missing.Value, Missing.Value);
    sheet = (Worksheet)book.Worksheets[1];

Finding the range of data

Next, we need to get an initial range to work with. We'll start with A1, you can start with the row your data starts on, to exclude the header information.
range = sheet.get_Range("A1", Missing.Value);
Now that we have a range to work with, we can use the get_End method of the Range object and theXlDirection enumeration to specify which direction to find the end. We'll go to the right first and down second. The get_End stops at the first empty cell. And works on the first row or column in the range. So based on our initial range selection of A1, it will look for the first empty cell in row 1 moving to the right from column A.
range = range.get_End(XlDirection.xlToRight);
In this example, it will find cell F1 is empty, and return E1 as the end range. We'll use this range, meaning cell E1, to find the end of the data moving down.
range = range.get_End(XlDirection.xlDown);
This will get us to cell E20. Using this method, we get the bottom right cell with data. Now we can obtain the full range of data using the starting cell, A1, and the ending cell, E20. In order to get the address of the cell from theRange, we use the get_Address method of the Range object. The XlReferenceStyle specifies the format of the address returned. We want xlA1 because the get_Range method expects that format. The following returns a string containing E20:
string downAddress = range.get_Address(
        false, false, XlReferenceStyle.xlA1, 
        Type.Missing, Type.Missing);
We'll use the get_Range method to get a range from A1 to E20.
range = sheet.get_Range("A1", downAddress);
We now have a reference to the data.

Reading the data

Range objects will return their data in a two dimensional array of objects with the Value2 property. Dimension one represents the rows, while dimension two represents the columns. This is much faster than reading the data cell by cell.
object[,] values = (object[,])range.Value2;

    Console.WriteLine("Row Count: " + values.GetLength(0).ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("Col Count: " + values.GetLength(1).ToString());
With the values object array, all we need to do is loop through to get the data. We'll start by writing out the column numbers.
Console.Write("");
    for (int j = 1; j <= values.GetLength(1); j++) {
        Console.Write("{0}", j);
    }
What we really want is the data, so we'll need to loop through the rows, then the columns to access each value invalues.
Console.WriteLine();
    for (int i = 1; i <= values.GetLength(0); i++) {
        Console.Write("{0}", i);
        for (int j = 1; j <= values.GetLength(1); j++) {
            Console.Write("{0}", values[i, j]);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }

Clean up

In order for the GC to collect the objects, which can have a large memory footprint, we want to set the references tonull, close the workbook, and quit the Excel application.
range = null;
    sheet = null;
    if (book != null)
        book.Close(false, Missing.Value, Missing.Value);
    book = null;
    if (app != null)
        app.Quit();
    app = null;

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