понедельник, 10 сентября 2012 г.

Getting custom extension methods to work in ASP.NET MVC 3 & Razor View Engine


I am going through the process of converting my site to use ASP.NET MVC 3 with the new razor view engine.  I use many extension methods that I have added to the HtmlHelper.  I store all these helpers in the following namespace “DevDave.Infrastructure.Helpers”.
In MVC 2 I added the namespace “DevDave.Infrastructure.Helpers” to the web.config file in the root of my MVC project like so:
<pages>
  <namespaces>
    <add namespace="System.Web.Mvc" />
    <add namespace="System.Web.Mvc.Ajax" />
    <add namespace="System.Web.Mvc.Html" />
    <add namespace="System.Web.Routing" />
    <add namespace="DevDave.Infrastructure.Helpers"/>
  </namespaces>
</pages>
This allowed me to use my custom helpers in all of my pages. So naturally I figured that the same thing would work for the MVC 3 application.  As it turns out it doesn’t, I get this stupid error instead:
image
As you can see it can’t seem to find my extension method “MainMenu”.  Now I did figure out that you could just add a using statement to the top of each page like this:
@using DevDave.Infrastructure.Helpers
Well I don’t want to have to put this in every view so then I tried to add the using statement into the _ViewStart file in the root of the views folder.  Like so:
@{
    using DevDave.Infrastructure.Helpers;
   
    Layout = "~/Views/Shared/_Layout.cshtml";
}
This did not work either something about having a using statement inside a code nugget.  So I moved it to its own line like so:
@using DevDave.Infrastructure.Helpers

@{
    Layout = "~/Views/Shared/_Layout.cshtml";
}
This still did not work.
To fix this I had to add the name space to the web.config inside of the views folder instead.  Like so:
<system.web.webPages.razor>
  <host factoryType="System.Web.Mvc.MvcWebRazorHostFactory, System.Web.Mvc, Version=3.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" />
  <pages pageBaseType="System.Web.Mvc.WebViewPage">
    <namespaces>
      <add namespace="System.Web.Mvc" />
      <add namespace="System.Web.Mvc.Ajax" />
      <add namespace="System.Web.Mvc.Html" />
      <add namespace="System.Web.Routing" />
      <add namespace="DevDave.Infrastructure.Helpers"/>
    </namespaces>
  </pages>
</system.web.webPages.razor>
This fixed the problem.

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