пятница, 27 декабря 2013 г.

Generate unique strings and numbers in C#

The System.Guid is used whenever we need to generate a unique key, but it is very long. That’s in many cases not an issue, but in a web scenario where it is part of the URL we need to use its string representation which is 36 characters long. It clutters up the URL and is just basically ugly.
It is not possible to shorten it without loosing some of the uniqueness of the GUID, but we can come a long way if we can accept a 16 character string instead.
We can change the standard GUID string representation:
Into a shorter string:
The following method creates the shorter string and it is actually very unique. An iteration of 10 million didn’t create a duplicate. It uses the uniqueness of a GUID to create the string.
private string GenerateId()
 long i = 1;
 foreach (byte b in Guid.NewGuid().ToByteArray())
  i *= ((int)b + 1);
 return string.Format("{0:x}", i - DateTime.Now.Ticks);
If you instead want numbers instead of a string, you can do that to but then you need to go up to 19 characters. The following method converts a GUID to an Int64.
private long GenerateId()
 byte[] buffer = Guid.NewGuid().ToByteArray();
 return BitConverter.ToInt64(buffer, 0);
The standard GUID is still the best way to ensure the uniqueness even though it isn’t 100% unique.

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