пятница, 20 ноября 2009 г.

Semi transparent Silverlight on top of HTML

My last post was about laying Silverlight on top of HTML, using CSS for positioning and ordering of the layers.

However one thing that had me stumped for a bit was how to set the transparency on the Silverlight area. Surely it can't be that hard!?

Lessons learned

In my previous post I mentioned, possibly using the CSS opacity setting on the tag to achieve the goal. Having had a play around, I found that, yes you can do it that way, and it seems to work fine (keep in mind different browsers support it somewhat differently). However there is a much simpler and neater way of doing it.

In the default test page that gets created the tag takes a parameter named background , this gave me the first clue.

SilverlightControlHost

Next I saw Michael Kordahi's example of overlaying SL on top of HTML and got some ideas from how he was doing things, the problem was that he was using the SL 1.0 way of calling up the silverlight using the createSilverlight() in a silverlight.js file etc. So I had to figure out how to translate that into what I was doing, it would seem pretty basic. Michael was passing in the following as part of his javascript call to create the Silverlight object. background:'transparent', isWindowless: 'true'. However passing in those as parameters to my HTML objet tag didn't work.

To make what was a pretty long story short( the long version including me stumbling around trying to figure things out) , here is what I learned.

A. There seems to be some issues with passing in parameters to HTML , I got caught out a few times making changes then refreshing the page and nothing happening (making me think I was doing it wrong), this went on until I found some resources confirming that I was in fact doing it the right way. Once I started closing and restarting the browser between changes, things worked a lot better.

B. The background and windowless attributes seem to be SL2 specific ones. Looking at various resources (including both W3C and Microsoft) covering the HTML tag gave me no information, however eventually I came upon this blog post by Alex Golesh, that briefly talks about the difference in between SL2 and CreateSilverlight(), this post in itself didn't really tell me what I wanted to know but it pointed me onwards and evetually I found my way to the Microsoft SL2 documentation about Instantiating a Silverlight Plug-In. You can tell it's beta documentation but at least it's got some info, I guess this was a lesson learnt, start by looking at the MS documentation, then hit the web.

So, on to the actual solution!

As I said it seems like it should be pretty simple, and guess what, it is! There's two steps, first edit the hosting page, then make the necessary modifications to the XAML.

Step 1

If you're hosting your SL in a HTML page, set the background parameter to transparent and the windowless parameter to true. Also keep in mind the size, building a full SL app this is usually set to 100% width and height, however if we want to use it together with the HTML, we want to change it to match the actual size of your XAML/Silverlight element.

SL-HTML
If you're hosting it in a aspx page using the SL2 Silverlight control, you want to do the same adjustments as above, adjust the size, then add the parameters PluginBackground and Windowless.

SL-ASPX

As per usual when working with server controls you can either change things in code as per above or use the properties window as below.
SL-Properties

Step 2

Adjust the opacity/transparency of the XAML, this can be done in a few different ways and they have slightly different outcomes.

Option 1

Setting the opacity of the user control
image
Or on the LayoutRoot element
image
Gives the following result
image
The thing to notice here is that the opacity setting is inherited by the children of the control it's set on.
Hence both the canvas and the button are effected in both cases.

Option 2

A slightly different and most of the time a probably, a more appropriate way of setting the transparency/opacity, is to set the background of the LayoutRoot, to the hexadecimal representation of a colour and include the alpha transparency.
image
Which gives us the following result, where the background is semi transparent but the button is not affected.
image

Hope you find this useful, I've definitely found that resources in regards to this seems a bit sparse at the moment. And the ones that are out there can be a bit tricky to find.

Links

Blog post by Malky Wullur on overlaying Silverligth on top of Virtual Earth, very cool.
http://geeks.netindonesia.net/blogs/malky/archive/2008/04/16/route-animation-silverlight-with-virtual-earth.aspx

Post by Alex Golesh on Instantiating a Silverlight Plug-In
http://blogs.microsoft.co.il/blogs/alex_golesh/archive/2008/03/16/silverlight-2-amp-createsilverlight.aspx

Using Silverlight.js
http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc265155(VS.95).aspx

Instantiating a Silverlight Plug-In (Silverlight 2)
http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc189089(VS.95).aspx#

HTML Objects
http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms535859(VS.85).aspx#

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